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H, I, J, K, L


A risk management technique used to insulate financial results from market, interest rate or foreign currency exchange risk (exposure) arising from normal banking operations. The elimination or reduction of such exposure is accomplished by establishing offsetting positions. For example, assets denominated in foreign currencies can be offset with liabilities in the same currencies or through the use of foreign exchange hedging instruments such as futures, options or foreign exchange contracts.

Impaired loans

Loans are classified as impaired when there has been a deterioration of credit quality to the extent that management no longer has reasonable assurance of timely collection of the full amount of principal and interest according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement.

Innovative capital instruments

RBC's innovative capital instruments are transferable trust units issued by the RBC Capital Trust and RBC Capital Trust II special purpose entities. Innovative capital can comprise up to 15% of net Tier 1 capital with an additional 3% eligible for Tier 2B capital.

Life retrocession

Life insurance assumed from a reinsurer.


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09/28/2007 08:45:07