A contract between two parties where payments between the parties are dependent upon the movements in price of an underlying asset, index or financial rate. Examples of derivatives include swaps, options, forward rate agreements and futures. The notional amount of the derivative is the contract amount used as a reference point to calculate the payments to be exchanged between the two parties and the notional amount itself is generally not exchanged by the parties.
Dividend payout ratio
Common dividends as a percentage of net income after preferred share dividends.
Dividends per common share divided by the average of the high and low share prices in the relevant period.
Documentary and commercial letters of credit
Written undertakings by a bank on behalf of its client (typically an importer), authorizing a third party (e.g., an exporter) to draw drafts on the bank up to a stipulated amount under specific terms and conditions. Such undertakings are established for the purpose of facilitating international trade.