To the Shareholders of Royal Bank of Canada
We have audited the consolidated balance sheets of Royal Bank of Canada as at October 31, 2005 and 2004, and the consolidated statements of income, changes in shareholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended October 31, 2005. These consolidated financial statements are the responsibility of the bank’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these consolidated financial statements based on our audits.
We conducted our audits in accordance with Canadian generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform an audit to obtain reasonable assurance whether the consolidated financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the consolidated financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall consolidated financial statements presentation.
In our opinion, these consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of the bank as at October 31, 2005 and 2004, and the results of its operations and its cash flows for each of the years in the three-year period ended October 31, 2005, in accordance with Canadian generally accepted accounting principles.
Deloitte & Touche LLP
Toronto, November 30, 2005