You are on: Basel II
Basel II is an international accord on capital requirements that applies to banking institutions in various countries including Canada, United States of America and the United Kingdom (UK). It is intended to strengthen the measurement and monitoring of financial institutions' capital by adopting a more risk sensitive approach to capital management. The EU implemented the Basel II framework through the Capital Requirements Directive (CRD).
The Basel II framework is comprised of three complementary pillars:
Pillar 1 establishes rules for the calculation of minimum capital for Credit, Market and Operational Risk (capital adequacy requirements).
Pillar 2 is an internal discipline to evaluate the adequacy of the regulatory capital requirement under Pillar 1 and other non Pillar 1 risks. This pillar requires the competent authority to undertake a supervisory review to assess the robustness of the regulated entity's internal assessment (supervisory review).
Pillar 3 complements the other pillars and effects market discipline through public disclosure. Expanded disclosure about capital and risk enables interested parties to better understand the risk profile of individual banks and companies and to make comparisons (market discipline).
RBC Finance BV group (BV Group) was a UK consolidated group until 28 November 2012 subject to consolidated supervision by the Financial Services Authority (FSA). The material entities consolidated within the BV Group were RBC Europe Limited (RBCEL a UK bank authorised and regulated by the FSA) and the Royal Bank of Canada Channel Islands Limited (RBCCIL a Guernsey regulated bank).
As part of the reorganisation of the RBC European corporate structure, BV Group transferred 100% of its interest in RBCEL to Royal Bank of Canada on 29 November 2012. As a result, RBCEL became a wholly-owned direct subsidiary of Royal Bank of Canada, and is no longer a part of the BV Group. Meanwhile BV Group also ceased to be supervised by the since that date.
On 1 April 2013, the FSA was abolished and the majority of its functions transferred to two new regulators: the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) and the Prudential Regulation Authority (PRA). As a result, RBCEL is now authorised by the Prudential Regulation Authority and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority and the Prudential Regulation Authority.
The below disclosures are as of 31 October 2012, when RBCEL was still part of the FSA regulated BV Group. These disclosures are published on our website as a condition of the FSA Pillar 3 waiver which had been granted to the BV group and RBCEL and fulfils the requirement for publishing consolidated Pillar 3 disclosures for the BV Group. The disclosures are in accordance with the requirements of the FSA Prudential Sourcebook for Banks, Building Societies and Investment Firms, BIPRU 11 (Pillar 3).
The Capital Adequacy Reports (FSA003) and the Credit Risk disclosures detail the composition and amount of Capital Resources (CR) and also provide the analysis of the credit, market and operational risk, Capital Resources Requirements (CRR).
You are on: Basel III
Basel III is a global regulatory standard on bank capital adequacy, stress testing and market liquidity risk. It is intended to strengthen global capital and liquidity rules with the goal of improving the banking sector’s ability to absorb shocks arising from the financial and economic stress, thus reducing the risk of spillover from the financial sector to the real economy.
The EU implemented the Basel III framework through the new Capital Requirements Directive and Regulation (CRD IV package). UK implementation is by way of the Prudential Regulation Authority’s Policy Statement PS7/13, effective from 1 January 2014.
Basel III capital adequacy framework comprises three complementary pillars:
Pillar 1 establishes rules for the calculation of minimum capital for credit, market, operational risk and leverage (capital adequacy requirements).
Pillar 2 is an internal discipline to evaluate the adequacy of the regulatory capital requirement under Pillar 1 and other non Pillar 1 risks. This pillar requires the PRA to undertake a supervisory review to assess the robustness of the regulated entity's internal assessment (risk management and supervision).
Pillar 3 complements the other pillars and affects market discipline through public disclosure. Expanded disclosure about capital and risk enables interested parties to better understand the risk profile of individual banks and companies and to make comparisons (market discipline). The aim of Pillar 3 is to publish a set of disclosures which allow market participants to assess key information on the capital condition, risk exposures and risk assessment process.
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