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Canadian Housing Affordability deteriorates the most in six years amid surging prices in hot markets: RBC Economics

  • Aggregate measure for Vancouver shot to its worse level ever recorded in Q2
  • Aggregate housing affordability measure for Toronto hit its most stressed level in a quarter century
  • Housing affordability in other major Canadian cities eroded more modestly
  • Calgary, Saint John, St. John’s bucked trend with improved affordability

RBC Trends and Affordability Report August 2016

TORONTO, August 30, 2016 - Soaring housing prices in Vancouver and Toronto continued to squeeze housing affordability at the national level in the second quarter, even though affordability was close to historical norms in most other Canadian markets, according to the Housing Trends and Affordability Report issued today by RBC Economics Research.

Infographic highlighting findings from the RBC Trends and Affordability Report

 Infographic: highlighting findings from the RBC Trends and Affordability Report


RBC’s aggregate measure for housing affordability in Canada rose by 1.2 percentage points in the second quarter to 42.8 per cent, the biggest quarterly increase in six years. Single-detached homes led the climb (up 1.4 percentage points to 47.8 per cent), followed by condo apartments (up 0.4 percentage points to 34.4 per cent).

Housing affordability is calculated as a share of household income, so a higher number means housing is less affordable.

In Calgary, RBC’s second-quarter affordability measure was well below the long-term average for the area. Saint John and St. John’s posted mild improvements in housing affordability and Halifax also stood out for its attractive affordability level.

In the Vancouver area, property values have ballooned by more than 30 per cent in the past year. Home resales were already on a downward track before the British Columbia government introduced a 15 per cent tax on home purchases by foreign nationals in Metro Vancouver, and area resales could see further significant weakness in the near term if there is a sharp downgrading of future price expectations and a drop in speculative activity.

“Signs of cooling resale activity have emerged in Vancouver and more tentatively in Toronto and we believe the blistering pace of property appreciation in both markets may slow by year end,” said Craig Wright, RBC chief economist. “This likely won’t help affordability in the near-term because of demand-supply tightness in the two markets at the present time, but some relief could arrive late this year or early in 2017.”

More details about provincial and regional housing figures can be found in the attached fact sheet.

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For more information, please contact:
Craig Wright, Chief Economist, RBC Economics Research, 416-974-7457
Robert Hogue, Senior Economist, RBC Economics Research, 416-974-6192
Catherine Hudon, RBC Communications, 416-974-5506


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